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1840 - 1926
Claude Monet also known as Oscar-Claude Monet or Claude Oscar Monet (November 14, 1840 – December 5, 1926) was a French
Impressionist painter. The term Impressionism is derived from the title of his painting Impression, Sunrise.
Monet was born to Adolphe and Louise-Justine Monet, both of them second-generation Parisians, of 90 Rue Laffitte, in the
9th arrondissement of Paris, but his family moved in 1845 to Le Havre in Normandy when he was five. He was christened as
Oscar-Claude at the church of Notre-Dame-de-Lorette. His father wanted him to go into the family (grocery store) business,
but Claude Monet wanted to become an artist. His mother was a singer.
On the first of April 1851 Monet entered the Le Havre secondary school. He first became known locally for his charcoal
caricatures, which he would sell for ten to twenty francs. Monet also undertook his first drawing lessons from Jacques-Francois
Ochard, a former student of Jacques-Louis David (1748 - 1825). On the beaches of Normandy in about 1856/1857, he met fellow
artist Eugène Boudin, who became his mentor and taught him to use oil paints. Boudin taught Monet en plein air (outdoor)
techniques for painting.
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