1898 - 1972
Maurits Cornelis Escher (June 17, 1898 – March 27, 1972) was a Dutch graphic artist known for his often mathematically inspired
woodcuts, lithographs and mezzotints which feature impossible constructions, explorations of infinity, and tessellations.
Maurits Cornelis, or Mauk as he came to be nicknamed, was born in Leeuwarden (Friesland), the Netherlands. He was the youngest
son of civil engineer George Arnold Escher and his second wife, Sara Gleichman. In 1903, the family moved to Arnhem where he
took carpentry and piano lessons until the age of thirteen.
From 1903 until 1918 he attended primary and secondary school. Though he excelled at drawing, his grades were generally poor,
and he was required to repeat the second term. In 1919 Escher attended the Haarlem School of Architecture and Decorative Arts.
He briefly studied architecture, but switched to decorative arts and studied under Samuel Jessurun de Mesquita, an artist with
whom he would remain friends for years. In 1922 Escher left the school, having gained experience in drawing and making woodcuts.
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