Pablo Picasso (October 25, 1881 – April 8, 1973) was a Spanish painter and sculptor. One of the most recognized figures in 20th
century art, he is best known as the co-founder, along with Georges Braque, of cubism. It has been estimated that Picasso
produced about 13,500 paintings or designs, 100,000 prints or engravings, 34,000 book illustrations and 300 sculptures or
Pablo Picasso was born in Malaga, Spain, the first child of Jose Ruiz y Blasco and María Picasso y López. Picasso's father was
Jose Ruíz, a painter whose specialty was the naturalistic depiction of birds, and who for most of his life
was also a professor of art at the School of Crafts and a curator of a local museum. The young Picasso showed a passion and a
skill for drawing from an early age; according to his mother, his first word was "piz," a shortening of lapiz, the Spanish word
for pencil. It was from his father that Picasso had his first formal academic art training, such as figure drawing and
painting in oil. Although Picasso attended carpenter schools throughout his childhood, often those where his father taught,
he never finished his college-level course of study at the Academy of Arts (Academia de San Fernando) in Madrid, leaving after
less than a year.
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